History of Blackjack

The history of gambling any one card game and say that it has become an ancestress of modern blackjack . Make this would be to focus only on one particular game and ignore all the others, which are also important components of the peculiar nature of this game. Blackjack has inherited all the distinctive features of several card games that were common in Europe from the 15th to the 19th century. The concept on which the game of blackjack, was borrowed from the earlier French and Italian games. Some historians believe that his contribution to the game has also made.

In order to dig out the roots of the genealogical tree of blackjack , we have to delve into the history and look at her mention of all the distinguishing features of this game is to figure out what games they have been borrowed. Features for which we love so much, and sometimes I hate blackjack that give the game.The concept of a target number of points - 21 for blackjack - to which, in order to win you need to approach your score card combination is closer than the opponent. The rule of "brute force" - if the number of points scored by a player exceeds the target number of points, the player loses no matter what combination of cards will fall dealer Dual meaning Ace that can be counted as the player as one point or eleven.

In various European countries, there are several games which was based on the concept of a target number of points. These games were thirty-one, baccarat, seven-a-half, Vingt-un (twenty-one), Quinze and others. The game is thirty-one target score was 31 in baccarat, the predecessor of the modern game with the same name - 9 Vingt-Un players sought to reach 21, and in order to Quinze was 15 Historical documents confirm that the game in thirty-one was the first game in which players have to put numerical values ??of the cards and collect hand, the amount of which is closer to the target than the sum of the number of points of the enemy. For the first time this game was mentioned in 1440 in the preaching of the Italian monk Bernardine of Siena (1377-1444), later canonized by the Church, in which he decried gambling. The result of that sermon was the public burning of tens of thousands of bones, decks of cards and boards for a game of backgammon.

The second mention of the game, according to ES Taylor (History of Playing Cards, 1865), was made in 1526 by Bernini, which included a list of Italian Trentuno games. These two historical reference not only suggest that the game in thirty-one was the earliest of a group of similar games, but also show us the nationality of the game. Two of the earliest references to the game associate it with Italy, one of them is the real historical events, and the second - a particular historical document.


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